When we were young, our parents always told us to eat carrots to appear superhuman. We understand now that we are adults that carrots contain many essential vitamins and nutrients to improve the protection of the eyes. When one grows old, the accumulation of oxidants and other inflammatory mediators deteriorate their eyesight.
This causes ageing-related ocular disorders (AREDs) such as glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration along with age (AMD). Any of the corrections taken could include cataract surgery, laser therapy, and the physician could recommend a few drugs in less severe cases.
The chance that eye disorders will grow depends on lifestyle and diet. Here are some vitamins necessary for the optimal eye health that should be eaten every day.
Vitamin A has three distinct functional forms:
- Retinoic acid
Vitamin A is an essential protein for night vision that contributes to the development of rhodopsin. Vitamin A also makes sure that the cornea stays clear, thereby avoiding cataracts, which is the outermost layer of the skin. Pumpkins, carrots, and leafy vegetables are foods high in vitamin A?
A vitamin A deficiency contributes to a condition called xerophthalmia, which is distinguished by the blindness of night. Xerophthalmia leads to complete blindness in extreme cases.
Oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators are the primary cause of eye disorders. Vitamin E is a healthy, free radical antioxidant. Latest research has shown a 25 per cent reduction in the progression of vitamin E supplements in more than 3,500 people diabetic with age-related macular degeneration. Leafy greens, avocados, nuts and seeds contain vitamin E.
Ascorbic acid is AKA Vitamin C. It’s a potent antioxidant found in citrus fruits such as citrus, lime and oranges. Vitamin C decreases AMD development by 25 per cent like vitamin E, while eye cataract development is reduced by 75 per cent. In the synthesis of collagen, a critical structural factor in sclera and horn formation, vitamin C is also essential. Raspberries, pineapple, mango, kiwi fruit and cantaloupe are other sources of vitamin C.
Vitamin B Complex
The importance of the vitamin B complex, especially vitamin B6, B12, B2, B3 and B9 have been found in a recent study. The study showed a decrease in cataracts in predisposed persons who took approximately 2g of riboflavin per day. Furthermore, niacin was found to be effective in preventing glaucoma. The excellent sources of vitamin B complex include leafy vegetables, milk, dairy products and red meat.