Causes of Stress and How to Manage It?

Stress is a natural sense of not being able to cope with particular requirements and events. Stress may, however, become a chronic condition if an individual does not take steps to handle it.

These requirements can come from jobs, relationships, financial stresses, and other circumstances, but stress can be induced by something that presents a real or perceived challenge or threat to the well-being of an individual.

Stress can be a motivator, and survival can also be vital. The fight-or-flight mechanism of the body tells an individual when and how to react to a threat. When the body is too easily activated, however, or there are too many stressors at a time, it may weaken the mental and physical health of a person and become harmful.

What does stress mean?

An individual with stress can experience higher blood pressure. Stress is the natural protection of the body from predators and threats. It allows the body to flood with hormones that plan to evade or encounter danger from its systems. People typically refer to this as the process of fight-or-flight.

They have a partial physical reaction when humans encounter a challenge or threat. The body triggers assets that allow individuals to either stay and face the challenge or get to safety as quickly as possible. Larger amounts of the chemicals cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine are produced by the body. These cause the physical reactions that follow:

  • Increased blood pressure
  • Heightened muscle preparedness
  • Sweating
  • Alertness
  • These variables all enhance the capacity of an individual to respond to a potentially dangerous or difficult situation.
  • A higher heart rate is also caused by Norepinephrine and epinephrine.


People react to stressful circumstances differently. For one person, what is stressful might not be stressful for another, and almost any occurrence may potentially trigger stress. Only thinking about a trigger or multiple smaller triggers can cause stress for certain individuals.

When facing the same stressor, there is no identifiable reason why one person can feel less stressed than another. Mental health problems can make some individuals feel depressed more easily than others such as depression or a building sense of anger, injustice, and anxiety.

Popular major events in life that can trigger stress include:

  • Job issues or retirement
  • Lack of time or money
  • Bereavement
  • Family problems
  • Illness
  • Moving home
  • Relationships, marriage, and divorce

Other causes of stress widely recorded are:

  • Abortion or pregnancy loss
  • Driving in heavy traffic or fear of an accident
  • Fear of crime or problems with neighbours
  • Pregnancy and becoming a parent
  • Excessive noise, overcrowding, and pollution
  • Uncertainty or waiting for an important outcome


Regular exercise can assist in stress relief. People can find that they can help them handle or avoid stress-induced feelings of being overwhelmed by the following lifestyle steps:

Exercise: A systematic review of animal studies in 2018 found that exercise in subjects with stress can decrease memory impairment, although studies on humans are required to confirm this.

Reducing alcohol: Drug, and caffeine intake: these drugs are not
going to help prevent stress and can make it worse.

Nutrition: At times of stress, a healthy balanced diet containing plenty of fruit and vegetables will help maintain the immune system. A poor diet can contribute to ill health and extra stress.

Priority management: Spending a little time planning a regular to-do list and concentrating on urgent or time-sensitive activities will help. Instead of the things they have yet to do, people will then concentrate on what they have done or achieved for the day.

Breathing and relaxation: It will help to do meditation, massage, and yoga. Techniques for breathing and relaxation will slow down the heart rate and encourage relaxation. A central aspect of mindfulness meditation is also deep breathing.

Talking: It can help a person “let off steam” and minimize feelings of loneliness by sharing feelings and concerns with family, friends, and work colleagues. Other individuals may be able to propose unforeseen, feasible responses to the stressor.

Recognizing the signs: A person can be so nervous about the stress-causing issue that they don’t realize the impact on their body. It is essential to be mindful of any modifications.

Techniques of stress control:

  • Eliminating or altering the cause of stress
  • Changing how an individual views a stressful event
  • Reducing the consequences that stress can have on the body
  • Know alternative coping strategies
  • One or more of these methods is pursued through stress management care.
  • By using self-help books or online tools, people may improve their stress management strategies. Alternatively, they may undergo a course in stress management.
  • A psychologist or psychotherapist may link a person with personal improvement classes or individual and group counselling sessions with an individual who has stress.

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