What are electrolytes and their importance.
Electrolytes are the small molecules that conduct electrical ions in a solution. These ions make up an electric current that is produced by the movement of these molecules.
The electrolytes in human bodies include:
Electrolytes are found in most living organisms, including plants, animals, and humans. They have a role in maintaining the body’s fluid balance and reducing damage to cells. They also help to maintain proper nerve and muscle function by decreasing the build up of lactic acid which can lead to fatigue or cramps. In addition, electrolytes play a role in muscle contraction and human body temperature regulation as well as fluid balance.
Electrolytes are important for humans because they are made up of negatively charged ions of sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium and magnesium which provide electrical energy inside living things.
Symptoms if you are running low electrolytes.
Low electrolytes also lead to dizziness, fatigue, cramps, nausea and vomiting.
The most common symptoms are:
- A feeling of thirst.
- Dizziness upon standing up quickly or after sitting for some time
- Fatigue during the day and drowsiness at night.
- Cramps in muscles and joints with a weak or absent pulse in the neck
- Nausea or vomiting
- Muscle cramps
- bone issues
- Blood pressure problems
- neuropathic diseases
What are the causes of low electrolytes
Main Causes include dehydration, diarrhea, vomiting, sweating profusely, and taking diuretics such as Lasix or other medications.
A high level of magnesium, sodium, potassium, or calcium might cause the following symptoms:
Ways to recover from low electrolytes.
Low electrolytes can be recover easily with oral solutions available in market. However in some extreme cases person needs to be admitted to hospital. There are two ways to treat it, ORT and Electrolyte replacement therapy.
Oral Rehydration Therapy
Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) is a therapy that can help re-establish hydration in children and adults. It facilitates fluid and electrolyte absorption by the body.
There are several types of ORT therapies including the standard protocols, which includes hourly sips of water or a glucose-based solution, as well as continuous ORT. The latter is a method often used by those with chronic kidney disease.
Electrolyte replacement therapy
There are two types of electrolyte replacement therapy: oral and intravenous (IV). Oral replacement therapy refers to supplemental intake of these electrolytes by mouth, while IV treatment involves infusing them into the veins. People may choose one form of treatment over the other based on their specific needs. Some people may need both forms at different times for their treatment plan to be effective
Electrolytes are the tiny molecules that carry electrical charge in cells, and they are vital for our body. They also help transport nutrients, hormones, and other substances within the body. So, one should take care if his electrolyte get low.